"I don't want to marry the guys in my village, because we traditionally have a 'walking marriage'. I prefer monogamy," says Geiru Yongqing, a 19-year-old Mosuo woman in Yongning township's only remaining traditional Mosuo village, Walabie in Lijiang City, Yunnan province. Yongqing is not alone. Mosuo youngsters from the Naxi ethnic group have their own ideas about the traditions of the last matriarchal society in China.
Mosuo men and women typically don't marry and live together. All sexual relationships are called "walking marriages" or "visiting relationships", which means the man may spend the night with a woman, but leaves in the morning and works for his mother's family during the day.
This means he has responsibility for his sisters' children on his mother's side.
Yongqing says she doesn't like the idea of this kind of childcare for her kids, when she has them, as they will not see their father enough.
She has some other gripes too.
"My brothers usually make money outside the village in big cities, so they don't have enough time for the children, either."
Although Yongqing is the youngest female in her family and is set to replace her 54-year-old mother and take charge of the family, she says she would prefer to have a nuclear family.
Wujin Zhima, 12, says she doesn't want to be the matriarch of the family either.
"My mom and grandma are tired every day, as they have to do all the farm work, house work and weave," she says. "I would prefer to go to university in a big city and become a dress designer."
"It is normal for these young people to raise objections to their traditions," says Sun Dajiang, of the Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences, commenting on the trend of Mosuo men and women leaving the village and changing their lives.
"It is natural for young Mosuo people to want to escape their poor and difficult lives, especially Mosuo women."
Sun says mainstream education and learning that life elsewhere is more comfortable and colorful, naturally interests young Mosuo people.
Cao Jianping, head of the Lijiang Lugu Lake Mosuo Culture Research Association (MCRA), however, is concerned that traditional Mosuo culture will die out.
"People are the essential component for Mosuo's big families. When they leave, the family dies," Cao says.
In response, some Mosuo people are trying to protect their culture.
Aqi Duzhima, for example, has been weaving and selling traditional Mosuo scarves since 1993 and under her guidance many Walabie women have an extra source of income by weaving.
She hopes to build a Mosuo handicrafts factory to create income for Mosuo women and encourage them to return to the village.
|Previous article: The figurines of ancient acrobatics|
|Next article: Color reflects the history of porcelain|